What is Acceptable Quality Level (AQL)?
The term AQL stands for Acceptable Quality Level or Acceptance Quality Level. It is one of the most used terms in garment industry when it comes in consideration to quality garment inspection.
It should be noted here that, most of the acceptance decisions of export shipments are made on the basis of AQL based random sampling plans. To ensure the right quality products, an AQL chart has to follow during quality inspection of apparel which varies even buyer to buyer.
Acceptable Quality Level (AQL) refers to the maximum number of defective items that could be considered to accept during the random sampling of a pre-shipment inspection. a percentage (%) number of average defective items, where average defective item is the multiple result of total number of defective items found during inspection and total number of items were inspected.
AQL in Garment Inspection
The faults or defects found during a garment inspection are mainly classified into 3 categories:
- Critical: Must be 100% accurate. There is no range.
- Major: Normally 2.5%
- Minor: Normally 4%
AQL table example in Pre-shipment Inspection report as below, the inspector random checked 125pcs, the acceptance quality level (AQL) is Cr: 0, Major: 2.5, Minor: 4.0, so the maxium allow defects is 0/7/10, and inspector actual found the defects are 0/3/7, that means the workmanship within AQL (related: 3 Different Product Inspection Result In Third Party Inspection Report)
Please refer to the AQL table and better to know the sample size, number of defective items were acceptable for make a decision with your shipment, also you can refer to our sample report for the AQL used.