What are Bassinets and Cradles?
A bassinet / cradle is a small kind of bed primarily to provide sleeping accommodations for infants that is supported by:
- Freestanding legs,
- A stationary frame/stand,
- A wheeled base or a rocking base, or that can swing relative to a stationary base.
While in a rest (non-rocking) position, a bassinet/cradle is intended to have a sleep surface less than or equal to 10 degrees from horizontal.
Accessories in play yards or non-full-size cribs for bassinet and cradle also must meet both the bassinet and cradle standard in addition to the standard for the primary product.
All manufacturers and importers of bassinets and cradles must certify in a Children’s Product Certificate that the bassinet or cradle complies with the standard and the additional requirements after the bassinets and cradles have been tested for compliance at a CPSC-accepted, third party laboratory. These requirements are discussed below and at www.cpsc.gov/BusinessEducation.
Quality Standard for Bassinets and Cradles?
ASTM F2194-13, the Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Bassinets and Cradles, contains the specific requirements and descriptions of the required tests
The standard seeks to minimize the risk of deaths and injuries associated with the use of bassinets and cradles, including those related to infant falls, entrapment, or structural and design problems.
What are the Requirements for Bassinets and Cradles?
The ASTM standard includes performance requirements specific to bassinets and cradles, general performance requirements, and labeling requirements. The key provisions of the ASTM bassinets and cradles standard include the following:
- • Spacing of rigid components/fabric-sided enclosed openings – intended to prevent entrapment between slats or other rigid components that are under the fabric sides.
- • Static load – intended to ensure the product is structurally sufficient to hold the intended occupant.
- • Stability – intended to address incidents where a sibling, looking into the bassinet, might tip it over.
- • Sleeping pad thickness and dimensions – intended to prevent suffocation or asphyxiation as a result of gaps between the sleeping pad and non-rigid sides of a fabric or mesh bassinet.
- • Side height – intended to prevent falls from the product.
- • Flatness of segmented mattresses – intended to prevent asphyxiation of an occupant lying face down in a segmented mattress joint.
- • Rock/swing angle – for products that swing or rock, this requirement is intended to prevent entrapment due to the swing angle.
- • Warnings – intended to alert the caregiver to infant fall and suffocation hazards when using bassinets and cradles.
The ASTM standard also includes:
- (1) requirements prohibiting small parts;
- (2) requirements prohibiting hazardous sharp points and edges;
- (3) unintentional folding requirements;
- (4) requirements for the permanency and adhesion of labels;
- (5) requirements for toy accessories to meet ASTM F963 Toy Safety standard
- (6) scissoring, shearing, or pinching requirements,
- (7) corner post requirements,
- (8) requirements for fasteners,
- (9) requirements pertaining to bassinets that are accessories to play yards or non-full-size cribs,
- (10) restriction requirement for restraints,
- (11) openings requirements,
- (12) protective components requirements
- (13) requirements for warnings and instructional literature.
What is your Bassinet Product Inspection checklist for Pre-shipment Inspection? ans what is the AQL standard for inspection?
Material Testing and Compliance Certification
For more information on the test requirements for bassinets and cradles, contact the U.S. CPSC:
- Office of Compliance (for specific enforcement inquires): e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; telephone: (800) 638-2772.
- Small Business Ombudsman (for general assistance understanding and complying with CPSC regulations): e-mail: Please use our Contact Form, which is the best way to get a fast response; telephone: (888) 531-9070.
Below Recall Example from CPSC.GOV
|Name of product:||Remedy:|
|DaVinci Bailey bassinets||Repair|
|About 3,000 (In addition, about 290 in Canada)||43804|
|Manufactured In:||Recall number:|
|Hazard: The bassinet’s support legs can break, posing a fall hazard to babies.|
|Importer(s): Bexco Enterprises, dba DaVinci, of Pico Rivera, Calif.|
This recall involves wooden DaVinci Bailey Bassinets for infants. The recalled bassinets were sold in the following four colors, with corresponding product numbers – gray (M0934G), espresso (M0934Q), natural (M0934N) and white (M0934W). The model number “0934” is printed on a white label attached to the mattress support board and on the external product package. The assembled bassinets measure 38 inches long by 20 inches wide by 30 inches high, and each weighs about 21 pounds. The bassinets were sold with a 1-inch waterproof cradle pad. “DaVinci” is printed on the product packaging, instruction manual and product registration card.
Consumers should immediately stop using the recalled bassinets and contact DaVinci for a free repair kit that includes new support legs. In the meantime, parents are urged to remove the support legs and use the bassinet on a safe space on the floor or to find an alternate, safe sleeping environment for the child, such as a crib that meets current safety standards. DaVinci is contacting all known purchasers directly.
DaVinci has received 19 reports of the bassinet legs breaking. No injuries have been reported.
Online at Amazon.com, Buybuybaby.com, Target.com, JCPenny.com and other online retailers from August 2018 through September 2019 for about $110.
DaVinci toll-free at 833-932-0208 Monday through Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. PT, email at email@example.com or online at www.davincibaby.com/baileyrepair or www.davincibaby.com and click on “Recalls” under the Help tab for more information.