Pre-shipment Inspection (PSI)

AQI-Product-quality-control-Process-flow-chart

What is Pre shipment Inspection or Final Inspection?

The Pre shipment Inspection or PSI inspection also called Final Random Inspection (FRI) is to ensure the products have been manufactured match to the Clients specifications and packed ready to ship. it’s a quality control method to help you ensure the quality of completed goods.

The Pre-shipment Inspection is a systematic inspection of samples of random selected from the shipment, normally it will be performed when 100% of products have been completed and the order at least 80% packed.

Pre shipment Inspection standard

Because of random selection of goods in all PSI inspections, we use the standard internationlly recognized ANSI/ASQ Z1.4 (ISO2589-1) statistical sampling procedure, based on the standard, an Acceptance Quality Level (AQL) will be choosed to determine how many units should be inspected and quality level of the batch of shipment.

Once the inspection is finished at the factory or somewhere else, a draft report with inspection summary will be issued on-site shown to supplier representative, and it will be reported to customer in the same day too, and the detailed  inspection report with full information will be emailed to you within 24 hours.

Our highly trained quality inspectors will use the appropriate sample process to select product lots for pre-shipment inspection, their expertise combined with hundreds of customizable inspection checklists for all product categories make for more reliable quality control that help you secure your imports.

Why should you book Pre-shipment Inspection (PSI) Service

You got lots of amazing opportunities from today’s globalized marketplace but also face to real risks.

So when you working with a supplier overseas it’s critical to ensure the specifications you’ve agreed in the contract. it’s very important to mitigate the risk to your products, your customers, and your reputation by taking the necessary precautions.

By conducting the PSI inspection, you can see the quality of the proudcts, ensure the products you pay for meet your requirements before you make the fianl payment, and you can refuse shipment or you will have other options before sending the shipment out.

The inspections can also help you discover the types of defects, and what percent of products have defects. which avoid inexpected surprises once the goods are received.

The Benefits from Pre-shipment Inspection

  • Ensure your order has been produced correctly to specifications before shipping,
  • Verify quality at the source, and avoid pay for defective goods.
  • Ensure the funtional and safety of products to avoid health and safety hazards.
  • Know whether the shipping marks, packing and labeling are correct.
  • Find out if the product is working correctly.
  • Avoid products returns and protect your brand image.
  • Mitigate import risks, especially you are importimg from supplier overseas which very far away from you

Why AQI Service

  • All-inclusive pricing for all PSI Inspections
  • QC Coverage in Asia
  • Flexibel and Reliablity third party inspection service

What is The Pre-shipment Inspection included?

As you know the pre-shipment inspection is your final opportunity to take corrective action before your products is shipped, so normally the accredited inspection agency’s inspector comes prepared with a quality inspection checklist, typically it covers:

  • Contract quantities
  • The Packaging, packing way and related labels
  • The storage way of your products
  • Product appearance, workmanships
  • Function, size and measurement
  • Functional testing and other safety tests
  • Barcode verification etc.related shipping marks, labeling
  • Other specified requirements from you

Click here to check Sample Report of Pre-shipment Inspection

Pre shipment Inspection in China PSI Inspection Agency AQI Service

6 Steps of Procedure in Pre-shipment Inspection Service?

Since the PSI Inspection is an essential link in supply chain, here we listed the 6 important steps in procedure.

Step 1: Coordinate the inspection date and conduct inspection at factory

Once customer booked PSI inspection from AQI Service and confirmed all detail of checklist, AQI customer service will coordinate inspection date with factory, then send the well trained inspectors accordingly

Step 2: Quantity Verification

THe inspector will count the packed shipping cartons, to verify if the quantity conforms to client’s order? and transportation materials will be also checked.

Step 3: Random selection, appearance and workmanship check based on AQL standard.

A standard Pre-shipment Inspection service use the internationally recognized statistical sampling procedure ANSI/ASQ  Z1.4 (ISO 2859-1).

So the acceptable number of defects is defined with AQL, Third party inspection or customer will choose the right AQL for inspection, though the AQL varies depending on the different type of product, but the quality limit should be balanced and unbiased between manufacturer and buyer.

After cartons random selected from batch, any visible dfects from the overall workmanship of the finished products will be recorded, and these defects are typically classified as Critical, Major, Minor based on pre-determined accptable tolerance levels.

Related article: 3 Defect Classification In Product Inspection

Step 4: Function and Safety Test

There are different function and safety tests from different products, for example the garment, apparel and footwear inspection, the inspectors will perform physical tests on the products to determine the funtional of buttons, zippers and other accessories,

Carton drop testingKneading Test
Barcode scanning testOdor check/Smell test
Rub test for logo/fabricModel Fitting check
3M tape testingMaterial GSM check
Metal detection checkColor shade check
Stitches density checkFatigue test
Seam strength checkWashing testing

For other mechanical or electrical, electronic products, please check the detail testings with AQI Service.

Step 5: Packagings, Packing, product conformity verification

The quality inspectors will check packagings, packing materials, packing method, shipping marks and labels, product dimensions, materials, color, marking and labeling etc.

If the pre-shipment inspection is for garments or texticles, the quality inspector will check whether size measurements are correspond with size chart.

Step 6: Draft Inspection report and Detail Inspection report

Once the PSI inspection is finished, a draft report with overview of key findings, workmanship, AQL will be issued in the field.

Detail report will be complied with a Pass/Pending/Fail result, full of inspection findings, and clear images for all inspection points. you can see exact why the inspection discovered.