Types of Factory Audit
Our Factory Audit Services are performed according to the standard of ISO9001 or customized requirements. It helps the clients to know if the factory has the ability to complete their order as required. the factory audit checklist for the evaluations and audits are fully customizable. here are the types of factory audit services below:
Basic Factory Audit (Quality Audit)
Quality System Audit
Social Compliance Audit
Good Manufacturing Practices Audit (GMP)
GMP audit is a type of quality audit only applies to manufacturers of certain product types, GMP audit standards also focus on product quality purely in relation to product safety and efficacy, This differs from ISO 9001, which focuses on the ability of a supplier to meet their customer’s requirements.
Environmental Audit (ISO14001)
Environmental audits ensure your suppliers are compliant with national and international environmental standards. ISO 14001 is the most common standard for environmental audits evaluates the supplier’s environmental management system.
C-TPAT Security Audit
Certain retailers and brands require this audit to remain compliant with Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT) regulations in the U.S.
Basic Factory Audit and Quality System Audit Standard
ISO 9001 is a globally recognized quality management standard issued by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
AQI Service’s Simple Factory Audit and Extensive Factory Audit are both based on a checklist derived from the ISO9001 series (a set of quality standards developed in 1987 by the International Organization for Standardization).
The audits are one of the most undervalued tools for ensuring optimum product quality and on-time delivery, importers typically rely on quality audits to understand a supplier’s production capabilities and internal quality controls,
Since many foreign manufacturers are ISO 9001 Certified, but the certificate alone doesn’t guarantee that the supplier actually embodies the standard’s principles in their operations, Certifications can often tbe falsified in China and elsewhere, and even honest suppliers sometimes lose compliance between offical audits.
So the audit checks supplier’s production facilities for implementation of policies and practices compliant with ISO 9001 standards. typically the audit reports shall cover the following verifications:
- Basic facilities, Factory legal status, Factory profile
- Facility walk-through
- Machinery conditions and maintenance
- Supplier Management
- Incoming quality controls for materials and components
- During Production Controls
- Final Product Inspection
- Lab testing capabilities
- Delivery/Loading conditions
- Production Capacity
- Quality Management System review
- Review of key documents
- Design Control
- Control of Measuring & Testing equipment
- HR Resource management and Training system
- Social Environment Responsibility
The audits can help you evaluate a supplier’s internal quality controls, equipment maintenance, and tool verification procedures, so the services can be served as a supplier qualification process.
The types of factory audit might also include checking ethical violations and social compliance, but they can’t serve as a replacement for below extensive social compliance audit standard SA8000 or SMETA.
Social Compliance Audits
Social compliance audits are sometimes also called social audits, ethical audits or social accountability audits. Importers rely on this type of factory audit to verify and monitor their supplier’s working conditions for compliance with international labor standards.
Social audits also help retailers and brands manage social compliance risks that could impact their company’s reputation. Unethical labor practices and factory disasters like fires collapses, and explosions can all result in negative publicity for brands
But the audit fatigue caused by the lack of a standardized audit, suppliers has been subject to many different social compliance audits for different retailers or customers, so may retailers now accept international frameworks.
SA8000 is a voluntary standard based on the UN Declaration of Human Rights and International Labour Organization (ILO) conventions. The standard was created in 1997 by Social Accountability International, a leading global non-profit organization in the human rights field.
It’s a good choice for importers who don’t need to meet a specific retailer requirement or are conducting a social compliance audit for the first time.
SA8000 is a way for importers to ensure fair and decent working conditions throughout their supply chain. it assess major areas of the supplier’s working conditions including
- Child Labor
- Forced Labor
- Health and Safety
- Freedom of Association and Right to Collective Bargaining
- Working Hours
- Management Systems
The auditor typically assesses the factory’s conditions by interviewing workers and management staff, reviewing documents and conducting a walkthrough of the facility.
Supplier Ethical Data Exchange (Sedex) is a non-profit membership organization dedicated to improving ethical business practices in global supply chains.
Sedex’s factory audit standard is known as the Sedex Members Ethical Trade Audit (SMETA). SMETA audits are one of the most common factory audit standards in the world—Sedex currently boasts over 50,000 members.
SMETA audits are more detailed in some respects than SA8000 audits. basically SMETA has two audit frameworks: a 2-pillar audit and a 4-pillar audit. All SMETA audits include the following elements:
- Universal rights covering the United Nations Guiding Principles (UNGP)
- Management systems
- Entitlement to work
- Subcontracting and homeworking
- Environment (shortened)
- Labor standards
- Health and safety
The 4-pillar audit includes all the above checks in addition to the following two modules:
- Environment (extended) – this pillar replaces the shortened version above
- Business ethics
The Business Social Compliance Initiative (BSCI) is a leading supply chain management system that supports companies to drive social compliance and improvements within the factories and farms in their global supply chains. BSCI implements the principle international labour standards protecting workers’ rights such as International Labor Organization (ILO) conventions and declarations, the United Nations (UN) Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights and guidelines for multinational enterprises of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
amfori BSCI (Business Social Compliance Initiative) is one of the fundamental protocols for social audits chosen by companies worldwide.
The auditors will verify the compliance of your supplier’s facilities with all requirements of the amfori BSCI Code of Conduct, including such aspects as:
- Working hours and fair compensation
- Occupational health and safety
- Child labor and protections for younger workers
- Forced/bonded labor and precarious employment
- Freedom of association and collective bargaining
- Ethical business behavior
- Environmental protection
The Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI) is an alliance of companies, trade unions and non-governmental organizations that promotes respect for workers’ rights through lobbying and helping brands create and enforce fair codes of labor.
Brands and retailers which are part of the alliance take responsibility for improving the working conditions of workers in our modern, vast and complex supply chains.
These codes are based on nine areas: freely chosen employment; freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining are respected; safe and hygienic working conditions; absence of child labor; paid living wages; no excessive working hours; no discrimination; regular employment, as well as no harsh and inhumane treatment.