What is CPC Certification? What type of Products requires a CPC Certification?

What is CPC Certification?

CPC, the abbreviation for Children’s Product Certificate, is a compulsory document when exporting children’s products to the United States. CPC Certification is legally required for any imported children’s products and any missing or inaccuracy of CPC will result in a rejection of goods at the port of destination.

Goods detected by the CPSC-approved laboratory (Consumer Product Safety Commission) before the import will be granted a certificate by the importer, who shall also provide a certificate for each type of children’s products contained in each batch of goods.

CPSC (Consumer Product Safety Comms) as an important consumer rights protection agency in the United States aims to protect the interests of consumers by banning consumer products without criterion and inspecting products with possible hazards.

What type of products requires a CPC?

Any commodities manufactured for children’s use require CPC, including children’s toys, clothes, furniture, school supplies, and any other items for this purpose.

a. CPC and testing in the United States

Product range: multi-compartment bed, bicycle, lighter, bicycle helmet, mattress, swimming pool, crawling ladder, infant products, etc.

Test items: small parts, heavy metal migration, physical properties and flammability of children’s products, CPSIA lead content, CPSIA phthalates

Test criteria: 16CFR 1501, physical laws and regulations on children, CPSIA

b. CPC and testing services for stuffed toys in the United States

Product range: Toys

Test items: ASTM F963-17-Toys-Mechanical Hazards, ASTM F963-17-Toys-Flammability of Solids, CPSIA lead content/ ASTM F963- Total Lead (Pb) Content, eight heavy metal migration, traceability identification, CPSIA phthalate content

Test criteria: ASTM F963, CPSIA

What information goes into a CPC (Children’s Product Certificate)?

  • Identification of the product covered by this certificate: Describe the product(s) covered by this certification in enough detail to match the certificate to each product it covers and no others.
  • Citation to each CPSC children’s product safety rule to which this product is being certified: The certificate must identify separately each children’s product safety rule that is applicable to the children’s product.
  • Detailed information of the importer certifying compliance of the product: Provide the name, address, and other contact information.
  • Contact information for the individual or organization maintaining records of laboratory detection results: the importer in most cases.
  • Date and place where this product was manufactured:
  • Date and place for the laboratory detection of this product.
  • Identify any third-party, CPSC-approved laboratory on whose testing the certificate depends: Provide the name, full mailing address, and telephone number of the laboratory.

Summarized and listed as below:

Product name covered by this certificate Laws and regulations certifying compliance of the product
Detailed information of U.S domestic manufacturer or importer Contact information for individual or organization maintaining records
Date and place where this product was manufactured Date and place for the compliance of product testing
CPSC-approved laboratory information

A full explanation and examples of Children’s Product Certificates can be found here: https://www.cpsc.gov/business–manufacturing/testing-certification/childrens-product-certificate-cpc/.

In addition to CPC, importers or manufacturers shall attach a tracking label to the product permanently, if possible, the product itself. Requirements for tracking label include:

  • Production date and place
  • Batch, operation number, or other identification features
  • The identification determined by the manufacturer for product traceability

Click here to find more information:

https://www.cpsc.gov/Regulations-Laws–Standards/Rulemaking/Final-and-Proposed-Rules/Testing-and-Labeling-Pertaining-to-Product-Certification/

FAQ on CPC Certification

#1 What is CPSC? How is it concerned with CPC?

The United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (USCPSC, CPSC, or commission) is an independent agency of the United States government created in 1972 through the Consumer Product Safety Act.

The manufacturer and importer of products with CPC shall certify the compliance with applicable safety rules thereinto in accordance with the CPSC-approved laboratory testing results.

#2 Who is responsible for issuing the CPC?

The manufacturer or importer is responsible for drafting and issuing the CPC. The manufacturer or importer may draft the CPC by itself, at no cost, based upon the passing test results of the third-party testing.

The importer must issue the CPC for products manufactured overseas, and the U.S. manufacturer must issue the CPC for products manufactured domestically.

The manufacturer or importer of a children’s product that is subject to children’s product safety rules or other criteria. They always assume legal liability for issuing a CPC despite the assistance from a third-party testing laboratory or another third party in CPC drafting.

https://www.cpsc.gov/Business–Manufacturing/Testing-Certification/Lab-Accreditation/Rules-Requiring-Third-Party-Testing/

#3. To whom must provide Children’s Product Certificate?

The manufacturer or importer must “furnish” a CPC to distributors and retailers. In addition, upon the request of federal law, a copy of the CPC shall be provided to the CPSC and to the Commissioner of Customs.

The requirement to “furnish” the CPC is satisfied if the manufacturer or importer provides its distributors and retailers a reasonable means to access the certificate. You can provide an actual hard copy of the certificate to your distributors and retailers, or you can provide a dedicated website with that specific certificate on your invoice.

#4 How to draft a CPC? If CPSC has any sample certificate?

In a written CPC based on test results from a CPSC-accepted laboratory, that their children’s products comply with applicable children’s product safety rules.

The list of children’s product safety rules for consultation and citation in a CPC is the preceding part of article 2 in the text.

Two samples of CPC for fictitious products provided by CPSC display the example layouts of CPC-required elements: toys and children’s clothing. These illustrative samples may not cover all possible children’s product safety rules applicable to a children’s product, and an additional disclaimer shall be followed.

#5 How much does it cost for a CPC?

Some laboratories and consultants help you to obtain a CPC, which is actually an alternative. In fact, it is very cheap, but other test reports before you fill out the CPC form are required such as CPSIA, ASTMF963. AQI Service, a world toy QC provider can assist in CPC application. Laboratory cost for a CPC item: 384-462 US dollars.

Testing steps

#a  Contact AQI Service to send your toy sample to our cooperative laboratory (located in Dongguan, China)

#b  Fill in the application form

#c  Issue an ASTM F763 + CPC report after 7-10 days after receiving the sample.

#6 Is a Children’s Product Certificate required for each shipment of my product?

Yes.

The law requires each import (and domestic manufacturer) shipment to be “accompanied” by the required certificate. The requirement applies to imports and products manufactured domestically. Under CPSC regulations, an electronic certificate is “accompanying” a shipment if the certificate is identified by a unique identifier and can be accessed via a World Wide Web URL or other electronic means, provided the URL or other electronic means and the unique identifier are created in advance and are available with the shipment.

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Author: AQI Service as a professional quality control service company in China specialized in providing a complete range of quality inspection and testing certification services in China & Asia for global importers, buyers, retailers, and sellers.



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